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What is orthodontics or dental wiring?
Orthodontics is the name of a branch of dental science that corrects dental occlusion and correction of the jaw position. Orthodontics is made up of two words (ortho) meaning right, right and (dance) meaning tooth (commonly referred to as orthodontic wiring tooth). Orthodontists use orthodontic appliances to move teeth and correct the position of the jaw and teeth. Orthodontics is generally divided into two categories: fixed and mobile orthodontics. The orthodontic procedure depends on the type of orthodontics used and the position of the teeth. The question for many clients seeking orthodontic treatment is whether orthodontics is painful. Orthodontic treatment is generally painless and only occasionally there is a slight pressure and pain in the first few days of treatment, which can be relieved by using painkillers in the first few days.
It is a type of orthodontics that the patient is not able to remove from the mouth and is glued to the front or back of the teeth with a strong adhesive and is removed from the teeth by the dentist after the orthodontics .
Removable orthodontics :
It is a type of orthodontic treatment that the patient can remove from the mouth, and removable maxillary orthodontics usually covers the palate with a layer of acrylic. This type of orthodontics is used for minor movements of the teeth as well as in childhood. The duration of mobile orthodontic treatment is generally short and less than one year and the cost of mobile orthodontics is generally lower than other treatment methods due to the short duration of treatment and use in minor problems. The disadvantages of removable orthodontics are that in adulthood there is little chance of moving teeth with this method and it is only used to solve minor problems.
Invisible orthodontics: (Transparent orthodontics, Invisalign orthodontics)
Invisible orthodontics is divided into two types of orthodontics with invisible brackets and orthodontic aligners. Invisible orthodontics uses brackets that are transparent and less visible than metal brackets. Invisible brackets are used in patients who want less visible brackets and the price of invisible orthodontics due to the high price of this type of brackets. It is more expensive than metal . The disadvantage of invisible brackets is that they are expensive and difficult to work with. Orthodontic liners or invisalign (invisalign) is a type of orthodontics that with moving molds with minimal visibility without the need for wires and brackets, the teeth are moved to their correct position and aligned and can not be seen from a distance of almost one meter. Liner (Invisalign) orthodontics is used in patients who want more beauty during treatment and other people are not aware of orthodontic treatment by the patient. The price of orthodontic liners is higher than other methods, and the disadvantage of Invisalign is that it is used only for minor dental problems.
It is a type of transparent orthodontics in which ceramic, glass or resin brackets are used, which are almost the same color as the teeth or glass. In this type of orthodontics, metal wires are sometimes used inevitably. The cost of orthodontics with ceramic brackets is more expensive than metal brackets due to the difficulty and time consuming work for the dentist and the high cost of ceramic brackets.
Metal orthodontics is a type of orthodontic brackets that these brackets are made of silver metal and are attached to the teeth with a special glue and by using metal wires, they move the teeth and correct the position of the teeth. In fact, what is popularly known as color orthodontics is this type of orthodontics. The reason for this naming by patients is that the orthodontic wire needs an o-ring to be placed in these brackets. The orthodontic color depends on the dye around these brackets, which can be changed in each session according to the patient’s choice. The price of metal orthodontics is lower than other brackets and the length of metal orthodontic treatment is sometimes shorter than other types of orthodontics. The disadvantage of metal brackets is that these types of brackets are less beautiful than ceramic and tooth-colored brackets.
Colored orthodontics is the same as fixed orthodontics with metal or ceramic brackets, which are replaced in each session of patients with caches or o-rings around the brackets, which have different colors. Orthodontic paint is a dye that is placed around metal brackets or ceramic brackets. Orthodontic colors include white and clear colors, silver and gray, light colors and light and dark colors.
Tooth extraction in orthodontics:
Sometimes 1 to 4 teeth are extracted from the patient’s jaw for orthodontic treatment. The priority is to pull decayed and nerve-wrapped teeth. If the patient’s teeth are healthy, the patient’s 4 or 5 healthy teeth, called premolars, are extracted. Most patients have concerns about tooth extraction and not filling the empty space of the extracted tooth, which is nothing to worry about, and the extracted tooth space is spent on smoothing the crowded teeth and correcting the protruding position of the jaw. Is it always necessary to extract teeth in orthodontics? The answer to this question is no. In many cases, the teeth are straightened without the need for extraction, but in cases where the patient’s jaw is small or the size of the teeth is large, which causes crowding and crooked teeth, or in cases where the upper and lower jaws are protruding, need Tooth extraction is one to four teeth, which is often the choice of 4 or 5 dentures (premolars). In rare cases, a mandibular anterior tooth may be extracted to correct the irregularity. Depending on the position of the jaws, the skilled dentist will decide whether the orthodontic treatment is extensible or not, and there is no need to worry because at the end of the treatment, all the teeth will be in the correct position without interruption.
Does orthodontics hurt? Does orthodontics require anesthesia? How can orthodontic pain be reduced?
Orthodontic treatment is generally painless, and the patient may experience mild to moderate pain for only the first few days after attaching the brackets or the first two days after orthodontic cord replacement. Orthodontic pain usually goes away after two days. If the patient feels pressure and pain a little after orthodontic treatment, painkillers are available: Used acetaminophen and ibuprofen. In fixed orthodontics, the patient may feel discomfort due to the placement of additional components in the mouth for the first few days after attaching the brackets, which the patient becomes accustomed to fixed orthodontics after one to two weeks. In some cases, the ends of the wires may irritate the patient’s cheeks and gums. The specialist dentist usually secures the ends of the wires so that the patient does not have any problems. However, the gums and cheeks may still be irritated. Wire or brackets get stuck to the gums. Use special orthodontic wax. How to use orthodontic wax is that the patient removes some orthodontic wax the size of a lentil and places it where the wire or bracket gets stuck to the gums. There is no need to inject anesthesia while attaching orthodontic brackets and the patient does not feel the attachment of orthodontic brackets.
The best age for orthodontics, does orthodontics have a specific age? Orthodontics in adulthood, duration of orthodontics:
In general, it is better for children to receive orthodontic advice at the age of 7, and if necessary, to start orthodontic treatment at the age of 8 to 9. This is especially important in the case of jaw problems, where sometimes it is only at a young age that it is possible to guide growth or sometimes prevent overgrowth of the jaw. Regardless of the jaw problem, the appropriate age can be stated in girls 9 years and in boys 11 years. At this age, due to the proximity of puberty, it is possible to guide the development of the jaw in the required direction. Adulthood prevented. Orthodontic treatment is possible as long as there are teeth in the mouth, provided gingival health and there is no age limit for orthodontics, but at a young age the length of treatment is shorter and the movements of the teeth are easier. The average duration of orthodontic treatment is 12 to 24 months. Of course, it is possible to complete the treatment earlier than 12 months, and in large problems, more than 24 months may be needed to correct misaligned teeth.
Depending on the patient’s problem, the dentist decides to use orthodontic methods, which are suggested according to the different conditions of the patients. Is removable orthodontics better or fixed? The answer to this question certainly depends on the patient’s age and the severity of the problem. Removable orthodontics in adulthood only solves very minor dental problems, but in childhood, orthodontics can make major changes and guide the development of the jaw, eliminating the need for maxillofacial surgery in adulthood. Is metal orthodontics better or ceramic? Treatment with metal brackets is easier and the cost of this type of orthodontics is lower than ceramic, but in terms of beauty, the acceptance of ceramic brackets by patients is definitely higher.
The best orthodontist:
Dr. Yalda Bazargan and Dr. Bahmanpour Aghdam, by passing advanced orthodontic treatment courses at VIP Dental Center, using the best materials in the world and having rich experience in the field of advanced orthodontic treatments, assure the clients that if they choose this The center provides the best, most accurate and correct orthodontic treatment in accordance with the conditions of our dear clients.
Stages of orthodontics, steps in orthodontic treatment:
In the first session of referral for orthodontic treatment, patients are examined for dental and maxillary problems in terms of the need for orthodontic treatment. It is estimated, dental photographs and a jaw mold of the patient are taken and radiographs required for the patient are written for more detailed examination. In the second session, if the orthodontic treatment plan was mobile: The jaw mold is sent to the laboratory and the mobile orthodontic appliance is delivered to the patient. In fixed orthodontics, brackets are installed on the teeth. It should be noted that none of the steps of molding and bracket installation requires anesthesia injection and clients do not feel pain during work and after the delivery of removable or fixed orthodontics, the next session of the patient’s visit will be arranged.
Orthodontic price, orthodontic cost, orthodontic tariff:
How much does fixed orthodontics cost? Depending on the type of bracket chosen by the patient (ceramic bracket, metal bracket), length and treatment plan. How much does removable orthodontics cost? The cost of removable orthodontics depends on the severity of the dental and jaw problem and the type of device used.
Orthodontic toothbrush, orthodontic floss, hygiene in orthodontics:
Hygiene is very important during orthodontic treatment. During orthodontic treatment, due to the presence of orthodontic brackets and wires, teeth become prone to food and plaque, and the patient must brush his teeth 3 times a day and floss at least once. . If she eats a snack during the day, she must have her interdental brush with her to clean around the brackets. Brushing is done in such a way that the patient brushes with a special orthodontic toothbrush at a 45 degree angle, once at the top of the brackets and once at the bottom of the brackets, and the between the brackets are cleaned with an interdental toothbrush. Flossing in orthodontics is done by a special orthodontic floss or floss guide.
Orthodontic complications, orthodontic disadvantages:
Orthodontics itself has no side effects. Most of the problems are caused by the lack of hygiene by patients, which causes gum disease and tooth decay. If patients do not observe hygiene during orthodontic treatment, the area around the brackets will start to rot, creating a white spot appearance. Only in 3 to 5% of patients there is a possibility of partial root resorption that a skilled dentist can prevent this complication by partial movement and not applying too much force on the teeth. There is no possibility of reversal of orthodontic treatment, especially in patients of growing age, after the end of this period, and in adult patients, by giving retainers or the same preservatives, the reversal of results can be prevented.